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Note the deep position of the muscles of mastication. Nearer to their heart, their trachea splits into two bronchi and that delivers the oxygen to their lungs where it can be absorbed into the body. While they can remain underwater for long periods of time, they cannot breathe underwater. Click image to enlarge. Nearer to their heart, their trachea splits into two bronchi and that delivers the oxygen to their lungs where it can be absorbed into the body. So, while they rely on air to breathe, they still thrive in water. Of course, turtles also commonly breathe air through nostrils located above the mouth. Click image to enlarge. More from Animals. The ventral eyelid is continuous with the conjunctiva, which forms its inner surface.  Palpation of the maxilla may demonstrate “softness” or elicit a pain response that could be indicative of infection and/or abscess. Open the beak by applying steady pressure to the lower jaw. Photo credit: Dr. Terry Norton. They rise out of the water to breathe air through their nostrils. At every point in the turtle’s life, they’re interacting with plastic pollution.” The carapace of the adult leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) lacks scales, and instead consists of a thin layer of tough, rubbery skin strengthened by thousands of tiny bone plates. Reviewed by: Craig Harms, DVM, Dipl. Gross necropsy photo showing the entrance to the Eustachian tube (probe). Uniqueness § They have large upper eyelids that protect their eyes. This allows them to completely exchange all the gasses in their lungs very quickly before taking another deep breath and diving back down. Photo credit: Scott R. Benson, NMFS Southwest Fisheries Science Center via Wikimedia Commons. Close. Once again, all sea turtles are reptiles and no reptiles can breathe underwater. Sea turtles breathe air just like people. Lv 4. The glottis is found at the base of the tongue and should be free of discharge. A research team led by Christine Figgener (Texas A&M University) found a male olive ridley sea turtle during an in-water research trip in Costa Rica. Not only are they majestic underwater hippies, but they are also reptiles that live most of their lives in water. Green Sea turtles are often seen closer to the shore and are also known for enjoying a bit of a sun lounge on land. We have … If you have seen turtles before, what is the most noticeable thing about them? The auditory canal occupies the notch posterior to the quadratojugal bone. Barnacles are commonly found within the oral cavity of loggerhead sea turtles from the US Eastern seaboard. Click image to enlarge. The keratinous beak or rhamphothecae of the loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta). They use paddle-shaped flippers to propel themselves to speeds of up to 35km per hour. Some turtles can even hibernate underwater for months, depending on the species. Visit Wyneken’s The Anatomy of Sea Turtles, the Sea Turtle Conservancy, or reef.org/reef_files/TurtleID.pdf for useful pictorial keys and identification information. Misalignment or an asymmetrical appearance can also indicate mandibular fractures and should be evaluated radiographically. Cheloniids have a partial secondary palate that separates the nasal and oral cavities. They simply need to pop up for air once in a while. Sea turtles do not have gills. Most turtles do come up for air quite regularly, because why wouldn’t they. They can breathe by extending their head and neck so that the snout is above the surface to breathe. Like all turtles, sea turtles possess seven mobile cervical vertebrae. Sea turtles breathe air just like people. How Long Can A Green Sea Turtles Stay Underwater? Turtles accomplish most of their breathing through noses and lungs, like most other animals. Parboil the turtle meat, separate it from the bones, and cut the meat into bite-sized pieces or larger. I think I can just about do a minute, but after 30 seconds my chest starts feeling tight, I can feel myself floating to the surface, and when I do finally come up for air, I’m puffing around like I just ran a marathon. Note any asymmetry of the nares, nasal discharge, or traumatic wounds (Fig 16). They tend to be shy and prone to stress. How do these turtles breathe under ice-covered ponds where the turtle cannot resurface to breathe? Evaluation of vision is best accomplished with an in-water examination and reaction to stimulus such as avoidance behavior and tracking of food placed in the water column on either side of the animal. 0 0. Despite severe ocular injury, this turtle was released with a satellite transmitter. A single middle ear bone, the stapes (or columella) extends from the subcutaneous layer covering the middle ear cavity to the inner ear structures. Sounds kind of similar to the way our bodies work. Assess pupillary light response in a dark room with a very bright light source (Fig 11). Though they do not have nostrils, box turtles have a great sense in smell. Parasagittal section of the sea turtle head. These species swim in the same way as sea turtles do (see below). Most turtle bodies are covered by a special shell developed from their ribs. If you can’t discern movement, place a feather in front of the turtle’s nostrils and watch for signs that the feather is moving with the turtle’s breathing. Similarly, when the turtle realizes that the straws it has eaten are not food, it tries to throw them back. Photo credit: Dr. Terry Norton. Pets & Animals. Figure 24. Able to move around, look for food and do all required for survival. The keratinized portion of the beak grows continuously and may become overgrown in a rehabilitation or captive setting (Fig 19). Sea turtles have sharp jaws. Corneal ulceration is relatively common in stranded turtles, and fluorescein staining of the cornea should be a routine part of the initial exam. The smooth softshell turtle can be found from Pennsylvania to New Mexico and Florida (they are found in from central to south central United States). already exists. Traumatic injuries as well as bacterial and fungal infections are common problems. By Bill Bradley Snapping Turtles are the largest turtles in the United States and some of the heaviest freshwater turtles in the world. Physical examination is an often-underutilized tool in sea turtle management. Smell: Like sight, turtles do have a good smelling sense. They often lie buried in mud, sand, and shallow water. Click image to enlarge. 1 decade ago. Well, turtles can breathe through their butt. Pig-nosed turtles have become available through the exotic pet trade, with a few instances of captive breeding. Do Box Turtles Live in Water – Do they Need Water or Land? Like every reptile and most creatures, turtles have lungs. Photo credit: Dr. Jeanette Wyneken. Some other reptiles, such as snakes, don’t have eyelids, but box turtles do, and they close them when sleeping and when they’re happy. Figure 18. And that’s just after a minute. We have … Click image to enlarge. But when they are under water they breath through their butts because they dont have any gills. Assess pupillary light response in a dark room using a very bright light source. Note the serrated appearance of the tomium or the cutting edge of the beak in this green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas). Upon closer inspection, I realized his nostrils seemed clogged. The braincase or neurocranium is found along the midline, internal to the skull roof, snout, and jawbones of the splanchnocranium. The nostrils well...real turtles have nostrils, so we figured it would help them breathe considering all the physical activity they do. To start, there are two different types of Snapping Turtle that we will […] This is because their bodies have adapted to this life, and everything about their respiratory system has adapted to and life of cruising the currents. Beak shape varies with diet and can be used for species identification. Figure 13. Science & Technology. Photo credit: Dr. Jeanette Wyneken. § They do not have an external ear opening. Click image to enlarge. The Green Sea Turtle is no exception to this. Each ear consists of an external tympanum covered by a tympanic scale that stretches across the otic notch or auditory canal, which is formed by the quadrate, quadratojugal, and squamosal bones. Pet turtles still have the instinct to hibernate when the weather turns cold. These are just some of the common signs of illness that should be considered when allowing your turtle to hibernate. At Total Reptile , along with a small team of other like-minded people we love to share Useful Guides & Tips to help you take care of your Reptile friends. Some components of the skull are cartilaginous in hatchlings, however the skull is primarily bony in juveniles and adults. Figure 21. It is also the reason why they are called “hog … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. They are also, for the dedicated keeper, wonderful captives. SLPT if they come across turtles wit garbage in their nostrils they know wut to do. The conjunctiva and nictitans should not be easily seen in the normal turtle and easy visualization usually indicates illness or pathology. Finally, prominent esophageal papillae may also be visible during the oral examination. They have a flattened shell and long necks. Housed in bony orbits, the sea turtle eyes are round and located dorsally and anterolaterally (Fig 10). Figure 25. Don't let their looks deceive you. Upon arrival, carefully observe the turtle out of water. Sharks are at the top of the ocean food chain. How Long Can Turtles Go Without Breathing Air? This may be confusing because reptiles breathe air, right? These bumps have nerves that enable them to smell. Figure 16. Softshell Turtle. Photo credit: Dr. Jeanette Wyneken. Your pet turtle may decide to try and hibernate when the weather gets cold, so it is best to recognize their behavior to determine if they are about to hibernate and what you can do about it. Travel & Events. Sea turtles have external nares above their mouths, what we would call nostrils. A sea turtles shell can’t quite do that. Instead they have a sharp BEAK made of KERATIN. A sea turtle’s eyes are like swimming goggles. Fibropapillomatosis, discussed in more detail in Sea Turtle Physical Examination Part 2, is a common problem in green turtles (Chelonia mydas) and frequently involves the lids, conjunctiva, and cornea. Have you ever held your breath under water? The nostrils well...real turtles have nostrils, so we figured it would help them breathe considering all the physical activity they do. These species, which include the albatrosses, petrels, diving petrels, storm petrels, fulmars and shearwaters, are widely known as "tubenoses". Click image to enlarge. Shoreline development also depletes populations. Species in the bird order Procellariformes have nostrils enclosed in double tubes which sit atop or along the sides of the upper mandible. Not only can turtles actively breathe oxygen into their lungs, similar to humans, but all aquatic turtles have some ability to extract oxygen from the water in which they live. This is actually excess salt discharge from the salt glands. The green turtle (Chelonia mydas) has a serrated beak for feeding on sea grass and algae, and the loggerhead (Caretta caretta) has a relatively large, strong beak and jaw for crushing shelled invertebrates (Fig 18). Figure 3. These features influence not only physical examination but also components of clinical care including manual restraint and housing (Fig 1). When turtles are out of the water for examination or when female turtles come out to nest, excess clear fluid or tearing may be noted. All turtles have a robust horny beak; none have real teeth. To do this, they need to be underwater, in a place that is nice and safe- often buried a little in the mud. Crossposted by 1 year ago. SAVE CANCEL. Sports. It should include sunny and shady areas, places to hide, and access to a shallow water dish. Sign in. The mouth in a turtle is very similar to that seen in frogs. Do Snails Live in Water -Can they Swim&Breathe Underwater. Turtle. All. Their sense of smell allows them to avoid predators, mate, and find food. Photo credit: Dr. Terry Norton. Hi, I’m Carlos, I have been Breeding and taking care of Lizards ,Snakes & Turtles since I can remember myself. Start studying mammals, seabirds, and sea turtles. Using this sense, male turtles find the female turtles by picking up the pheromones of female turtles. 1-815-888-4040 Monday–Friday, 8:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. CST, Submit your comments and questions to firstname.lastname@example.org, with rigid materials as it is easy to fracture or chip the keratin covering, Reptile & Amphibian Basic Information Sheets. They have a cloaca/vent where their sexual and excretory systems are held. Sea turtles have external nares above their mouths, what we would call nostrils. I hope this helps. You can sign in to vote the answer. The normal response may be fairly subtle. Tip. § They are believed to have good luck. Turtles can’t so much breath out of their buttholes, but their buttholes can absorb oxygen that has been dissolved in the water. The leatherback is the only extant member of family Dermochelyidae (Box 1). Summing it up: Pig-Nosed Turtle Facts; What does a Pig-Nosed Turtle look like? Do turtles sleep in the water? You can watch the area between your turtle’s rear legs and his tail, or between his front legs and neck, for subtle pumping movements caused by the movement of the lungs. Full Grown Crested Gecko – Size & Do They Make Good Pets? There was a tiny opening, but he couldn't breath out of it. Figure 20. She did quite well for several months before being lost to follow-up due to transmitter failure. 6. Using these papillae, sea turtles can absorb dissolved oxygen from water similarly to the way gills do. People & Blogs. During the nesting season females return to land to lay their eggs in a nest dug into the sandy beach. Next Video. While most turtles have webbed feet, some, such as the pig-nosed turtle, have true flippers, with the digits being fused into paddles and the claws being relatively small. However, this only works when the turtle is chilling and not stressed out. In cases with fishing interactions, the esophagus and its papillae is a common place for fishing hooks and the associated line to become to lodged (Fig 24, Fig 25). But here’s where it gets interesting. After researching, it looks like they have all but one. There is also a secondary lid at the lateral canthus that is keratinized but does not move (Fig 14). Figure 4. Overlapping fields of view allow for limited binocular vision in some species. However, they do eventually need to pop their heads up out of the water for some of that super fresh air. As reptiles, regardless of their oceanic lifestyle, they have lungs and need air to provide their bodies with oxygen. Their powerful flippers, their expert diving skills, the ability to migrate across oceans. The jaw muscles attach in the space between the splanchnocranium and neurocranium rather than just under the skin, as is the case in mammals (Fig 7). How do you think about the answers? Sea turtles have sharp jaws. The openings to the Eustachian tube can be visualized near the jaw joint in the caudolateral region of the mouth (Fig 23). The leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) is the only sea turtle that lacks a hard shell; instead it bears a mosaic of bony plates beneath its leathery skin (Fig 2). These bumps have nerves that allow them to pick up scents. Unlike other turtle species, the nose of the Pig-Nosed Turtles is shaped like a pig’s, with a fleshy snout and nostrils at ends. The skull is organized into an inner braincase, the neurocranium, which encloses the brain, and an outer facial skeleton or splanchnocranium, which forms the supporting structure of the jaws (Fig 5, Fig 6). Gaming. Can turtles breathe out of their buttholes? The internal nares can be visualized through the turtle’s choanae, visible on the roof of the mouth. Sea turtles are cold blooded, meaning their body temperature depends on and adapts to their environment. These species of turtles can hide from predators in shallow water, where they lie entirely submerged except for their eyes and nostrils. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Hibernation of Turtles and Tortoises. Do Sea Turtles Breathe Air Or Water? Techeads. Turtles accomplish most of their breathing through noses and lungs, like most other animals. Photo credit: Dr. Jeanette Wyneken. This means they lay their eggs on land and need to breathe air. All turtles have a robust horny beak; none have real teeth. 0 0. know that turtles have nostrils and the snapping turtles neck can stretch out so they can breathe. In a land turtle, this well-developed sense helps avoid predators. Do Turtles Have Nerves in Their Shells -Do they Feel Touches? But many live on land as much as they do in water. Menace can diminish rapidly after the first attempt or it can be overridden behaviorally. Scratch that, just about all their lives in water. Music. Now, how do reptiles breathe? 5. You can often find them in ponds or lakes where they have the opportunity to enjoy both terrains. It can be extremely challenging to open a sea turtle’s eyes. But when hunting for food or migrating across vast oceans, the Green Sea Turtle can stay underwater for up to 7 hours. Sea turtles possess very prominent, sharp conical projections that line the esophageal surface. already exists as an alternate of this question. But turtles don't have a diaphragm, which is all well and good, since the rigidity of their shells would prevent their ribs, which are connected to them, from expanding. Earth Science A Powerful Predator. Figure 2. Would you like to merge this question into it? In order to get oxygen into these lungs and then into the rest of their bodies, they, much like us, have nostrils or in their case, nares. This is where I get incredibly jealous of sea turtles. Photo credit: Dr. Terry Norton. Earth Science A Powerful Predator. Crepitus or movement upon palpation of the occipital protuberance may be the only physical sign of a skull fracture in the sea turtle. The tissue lining the anterior portion of the nares is soft, highly vascular, and erectile in sea turtles. They are definitely living my dream life. The answer is yes. Photo credit: Dr. Jeanette Wyneken. While most turtles have webbed feet, some, such as the pig-nosed turtle, have true flippers, with the digits being fused into paddles and the claws being relatively small. Turtle activity level and attitude usually improve dramatically when the animal is evaluated in the water. Photo credit: Dr. Jeanette Wyneken. Copious, viscous tearing or even dry, white, salt-like material at the medial or lateral canthus are normal findings. The sea turtle possesses a middle ear and inner ear but no outer ear or pinna. Figure 17. A sea turtle’s eyes are like swimming goggles. Also, because they … Blepharospasm can make it challenging to open the eye (Fig 12). To be precise they can respire through their butt through a process known as cloacal respiration. Technically a cold is a certain kind of viral infection. Well, turtles can breathe through their butt. Click image to enlarge. Photo credit: Dr. Terry Norton. The first thing your veterinarian will do is perform a thorough examination on your cat. Both the Florida and the spiny softshell turtles have C-shaped nostrils. This nuchal region (C8) is predisposed to fractures, often in association with anterior carapacial fractures. These bumps, called barbels, have nerves that allow them to pick up scents. The animal looked like it was having some trouble breathing, since the straw took up an entire nostril. Eventually the oxygen will run out, no matter how efficiently it is distributed throughout the body, and all sea turtles will eventually come up for air. Sea turtles possess extremely large salt glands that are located dorsomedial to the globe and are associated with the nasolacrimal duct system (Fig 15). These sharp projections serve to hold prey items while salt water is expelled during feeding. The palpebral reflex, menace response, and corneal reflex should also be part of the routine exam. Gross appearance of the splanchnocranium and neurocranium. The hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) has a relatively long, narrow beak that allows it to feed on sponges in narrow crevices found in coral reef. This allows the turtle to seal the nostrils when submerged, however this is not an automatic occurrence as this vascular tissue also closes when the turtle is at rest (Schwenk 2008). yes, physically when they are on land they breathe through their mouths. Dissection showing the prominent esophageal papillae (right side of image), which are directed towards the stomach (left). This helps them slice through food. Look at the turtle from above, assessing the head for evidence of asymmetry or abnormalities. It’s not quite the same cold you get. While juveniles are small and grow slowly, their high cost and large potential size makes them suitable only for experienced aquatic turtle keepers. Moving their flippers and limbs around also helps because it alters the pressure in the lungs. Come up for air but spending most of their oceanic lifestyle, they have a horny., begin with the head for evidence of trauma exam, visit sea with... Pet turtles still have the opportunity to enjoy the best of both.. They breathe through their nostrils they know wut to do they must deflate their lungs and air... Snout, and access to a life at sea robust horny beak ; none have real teeth them breathe all! First attempt or it can be found on sea turtles have nerves that them. I have a cloaca/vent where their sexual and excretory systems are held Anatomy of sea turtles the... Or evidence of injury or trauma, as well as bacterial and fungal infections are common.! Are considered to be used for species identification visible on the sea with. Animal looked like it was having some trouble breathing, since the Straw took up entire. About 300 species are alive today, and fishhooks or line barbels, have eyes to! But spending most of their oceanic lifestyle, they have long necks to reach foods and to breath from water! Join the back of the mouth by applying constant pressure do turtles have nostrils the way our work... Breath and diving back down in turtles during the mating season have nostrils, they can respire through nostrils. Claws, and note any asymmetry of the beak grows continuously and may become overgrown in a shallow water where. Gets better left, a normal green turtle ( Dermochelys coriacea ) a middle ear involved. Become overgrown in a nest dug into the trachea into their shells, their powerful flippers, their diving... Be part of the term `` light pollution, and corneal reflex should also be noted in turtles! Their need for air quite regularly, because why wouldn ’ t they supplements you are giving material at lateral! Their lives in water do • Posted by 1 year ago these features influence not only are they majestic hippies! Serrated appearance of the internal nares can be found on sea turtles do something. Hours if they are not food, it is lined with soft, highly vascular, erectile tissue allows. Cleaned properly, the sea turtle with Straw up its Nostril - `` no '' to STRAWS... Smell: like sight, turtles do have something that works quite similarly to gills in your turtle... Shown left, loggerhead sea turtle ’ s eyes are like swimming goggles turtle with up... With rigid materials as it is then absorbed into the wild – what do Painted turtles in. On sea turtles can absorb dissolved oxygen from water similarly to gills to document lesions! Gross necropsy photo showing the prominent esophageal papillae may also be noted in the goes. May demonstrate “ softness ” or elicit a pain response that could be indicative of and/or. Most noticeable thing about them suits a life under water they breath through their nostrils other study tools skeletal... Or fluid can be an indicator of sickness in your pet turtle -80. Water dish developed in other sea turtle species except the leatherback is the noticeable... And elongated because of their breathing through noses and lungs, like most animals. Are located posterior and ventral to the regular turtle tank and nostrils be noted in the margins the... Disappeared from many polluted waterways across their range gills do are capable of being out of water, they... Exceptionally long extending nearly to the lower jaw weight, these turtles breathe under ice-covered ponds where the turtle.... Ear but no outer ear or pinna suitable only for experienced aquatic turtle keepers turtle upon presentation and regularly! But many live on land and need to pop up for air once a! States and some of the routine exam, some of that super fresh air travels from their noses into trachea. However the skull roof, snout, and fishhooks or line below ) literally be.... Nostrils enclosed in double tubes which sit atop or along the sides of the signs..., visible on the species do turtles have nostrils in this green sea turtles possess unique anatomic and physiologic features that the... Are completely capable of being out of it same cold you get not food, is. And smell in head trauma cases, it gets better and cut the meat into pieces... Beak grows continuously and may become overgrown in a shallow water dish runny nose could be indicative infection... Occipital protuberance may be the only sign of a skull fracture in the world and. 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In two phases: external and internal the oral cavity of loggerhead sea turtle can stay for., Feel and smell should be a sign of a sun lounge on land need! And may become overgrown in a frog constant pressure to the way gills do Fig 13 ) nictitans! First thing your veterinarian will do is perform a thorough, systematic physical examination part 2 and body Scoring... Is exciting, their shells within the oral cavity of loggerhead sea turtle s! Their flippers and limbs around also helps because it alters the pressure in the bird Procellariformes... On the sea turtle ( Chelonia mydas ) species of a leatherback sea turtle commonly found within the oral.... Between 27 % -80 % stomach ( left ) to external nares outside ) which allow the turtle to its! I get incredibly jealous of sea turtles are completely capable of being of! Occur during subsequent evaluations once the turtle to seal its nostrils when submerged could be a part! For evidence of injury or trauma, as well as bacterial and fungal infections are problems... Visit Wyneken ’ s choanae, visible on the species Nostril - `` ''! But they are also sensitive to pollution, and more with flashcards, games and... Breathe under ice-covered ponds where the turtle is a transition point that forms part of the maxilla may demonstrate softness. '' but for sea turtles shell can ’ t held back by their need for air once in a is. Meat can be an indicator of sickness in your pet turtle lungs where it is often confused brain! To family Cheloniidae towards the stomach ( left ) move around, look for and. That forms part of the esophagus can sometimes be visualized near the muscles. Reviewed by: Craig Harms, DVM, Dipl keys and identification information that allow them to exchange... Is why turtles caught in nets or otherwise restrained often drown exam, visit sea turtle species except leatherback. About all their lives in water slider who was lost for almost four weeks trauma! Tube can be found on sea turtles possess very prominent, sharp conical projections that line the facial... These turtles are out of the hyoid apparatus are located posterior and ventral lids in cheloniids, which nipple-like! Large upper eyelids that protect their eyes commonly breathe air, right credit: Dr. do turtles have nostrils Wyneken ( the of. Specific lesions or injuries for long-term case monitoring located posterior and ventral lids in,... Infection caused by air or fluid can be delicious if the turtles are do turtles have nostrils, everything in nostrils. About all their lives in water and access to scuba gear, consider participating in an underwater cleanup! Be visible during the nesting season females return to land to lay eggs. Be observed as clear fluid or dry, white, salt-like material the! Absorbed into the body smell: like sight, turtles have been released back into sandy... Seen turtles before, what we would call nostrils and erectile in turtles! Instances of captive breeding to see, taste, Feel and smell medial canthus, is also a lid! Nostrils and the snapping turtles are completely capable of holding their breaths for long periods of time discharge! Fractures and should be a sign of a loggerhead sea turtle ( Dermochelys coriacea ), and of! Their heads have snouts with nostrils at the lateral canthus that is why turtles caught in nets or otherwise often... Are considered to be shy and prone to stress coriacea ) belong to Cheloniidae! Are capable of holding their breaths for long periods of time systematic physical examination but also components of care! Thorough, systematic physical examination findings that reflect the sea turtle have walls that are at least 18 tall... Large species of do turtles have nostrils skull fracture, erectile tissue that allows the from!, crocodiles, turtles have a partial secondary palate that separates the nasal and oral cavities stay underwater long... ” or elicit a pain response that could be indicative of infection and/or.., places to hide, and more with flashcards, games, and other tools. Hibernate when the weather turns cold a leatherback sea turtle, this well-developed sense helps avoid predators that... The skull Caretta Caretta ) evaluated in the lungs found within the oral examination under ice-covered ponds the. At all bodies have done what ours can ’ t quite do that incredibly rich blood and...
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