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majority text vs critical text

(3) In "Hodges versus Hodges" fi… MINORITY TEXT. I’ve never blogged about this issue explicitly since I’m still learning about textual criticism and the like, but attending the annual Keach Conference this past weekend shook up my thinking quite a bit. How would you respond to someone who insisted that the majority text approach is correct? Give yourself five years in research on this and then evaluate the issue again. Personally, I use the ESV, which I preach from, next to the NKJV. Summary of the Critical Text vs. 11 Zane C. Hodges, ‘The Greek Text of the King James Version’, Bib Sac 125 (1968), pp. I try not to be overly dogmatic when it comes to different translations, but I really liked the ESV. To be sure, there are good brothers on both sides of this debate. Thanks again for your correction and for the sources you’ve provided! 2 minutes ago. Or tell us exactly which one it is, so we too can go out and get one for ourselves? While it would be impossible to give an exhaustive list of all the differences between the M-Text and TR, it is … He explained much of the history behind the competing Critical (or Alexandrian) Text and why he believes this text to be inferior–indeed, utterly corrupt. 100% Upvoted. The real problem is that the Critical text is significantly different to the majority text in doctrine that cannot be attributed to spelling or to the accidental mistakes of a scribe. The Critical Text Part One "It was the CORRUPT BYZANTINE form of text that provided the basis for almost all translations of the New Testament into modern languages down to the nineteenth century." So, even if you are convinced that the Majority Text is the closest to the original, that is not a reason to go back to the KJV. What do you say, guys? Even if I’m persuaded of the Majority Text position, I’m not going to stop listening to what Dr. White has to say. Those of you who don't have a problem with the CT (most modern versions are translated from it), what … Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. In Biblical textual criticism, the Byzantine text-type (also called Majority Text, Traditional Text, Ecclesiastical Text, Constantinopolitan Text, Antiocheian Text, or Syrian Text) is one of several text-types of the Greek New Testament manuscripts.It is the form found in the largest number of surviving manuscripts.The New Testament text of the Orthodox Church, the Patriarchal Text, … It presents some important data from Robinson's study of the adultery story (John 7:53-8:11). This quote is from Bruce Metzger's book, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. “Literal” refers to the fact that ALT3 is a word for word translation. The later manuscripts that are in the majority are much … The TR is, thus, a distinct textual tradition that differs from both the M-Text and the Modern Critical Text. It’s a pretty fundamental question to ask what is and is not Scripture. The core message of the gospel isn’t compromised in any of these documents. The New Testament is usually translated from original Greek. In fact, since no major translation is based on the Majority Text, … Some lesser, non-salvation related doctrines are affected, but many of those are arcane topics that … The purpose of ALT3 is to provide a translation of the Greek New Testament that will enable the reader to come as close to the Greek text as possible without having to be proficient in Greek. No other Bible version includes all of the above features, and no other Bible version provides the accuracy and attention to detail ALT3 provides. THE BASIS FOR THIS CONCERN. http://learntheology.com/majority_greek_tex.html, Second, critical of the majority text position: http://bible.org/article/majority-text-and-original-text-are-they-identical. TEXTUS RECEPTUS…THE MAJORITY TEXT. Change ). And that’s as it ought to be. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The \"Majority Text\" is a statistical construct that does not correspond exactly to any known manuscript. they reject both the current critical texts and the approaches used in arriving at those texts. As such, we ought to take extra care to discuss and debate this with Christian love and charity. Thought I’d give you the link in case you were interested: http://fuzzybunny1689.wordpress.com/2013/01/01/critical-text-vs-majority-texttr-bible-translations/. I too, came to a reformed postion in my mid 20’s. I can tell you that after comparing the Greek manuscripts, though there are a few well documented cases where this is not true, in the vast majority of the cases I believe that the evidence leads to a vast confidence that the scribes who made copies of the biblical texts did a good job being faithful to keep the text preserved. I will tell you where I stand. I too, have had to learn about textual criticism. A critical look at the making of the 'Critical Text' Evidence of tampering in early Alexandrian manuscripts Watts was heading in this direction during his lecture on the subject. Let's call the "critical text" what it really is--the minority. The conference topic was the doctrine of providence (chapter 5 of the Confession) and part of this included a discussion on the providential preservation of the holy Scriptures. It is just that simple. I appreciate it. Is this what the rest of you TR people were taught? All words in the original text are translated— nothing is omitted. They were rejected by the early church, not used, and therefore did not wear out. This debate is very serious and at times can get emotional. The Critical Text, however, is based largely on fragments that do not always agree with each other and were found in basically one location. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 2. The Critical Text is sometimes spoken of in contrast to the Textus Receptus and Majority Text, which both draw from manuscripts that do not include the two earliest complete New Testament manuscripts, Codex Vaticanus and Codex Sinaiticus, as well as other portions and fragments of New Testament writings discovered over the past century of New Testament Textual Criticism. Perhaps I can see this in my lifetime, Lord willing. The original grammar of the text is retained as much as possible. I pray that God will bless me with wisdom and discernment as I continue to explore these issues. Following is a … For many advocates of the majority text view, a peculiar form of the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture undergirds the entire approach. Indeed, sometimes the Modern Critical text agrees with the Majority text against the TR, and sometimes the TR and the Modern Critical Text actually agree against the Majority Text. (English text from New King James Version) CT = Critical text (English text from New American Standard Bible) The “majority text” did not exist in the time of the ante-Nicene fathers and, therefore, cannot be as old as Riplinger would like it to be. I am convinced that a given versions … There are reasons why those manuscripts remained intact longer than any Byzantine texts. Answer: The Critical Text is a Greek text of the New Testament that draws from a group of ancient Greek manuscripts and their variants in an attempt to preserve the most accurate wording possible. So the agreement is better than 99 percent. The reader may click on the links in the previous sentence to go to brief descript… I wrote this post at a time when I was still learning about the issue and have since been better educated on the matter. King James Version (KJV) The Minority Text. Take … The Byzantine or Majority text Greek manuscript tradition is related to but distinct from the TR. The Textus Receptus. Modern-day equivalents for measurement and monetary units and time designations. 6 Responses to Critical Text vs. First, we should reiterate that the differences we’re talking about here occur in less than 1% of the New Testament. Majority Text. With the exception of the aforementioned NKJV, all of the modern versions (e.g., ESV, NIV, NASB, and so forth) are translated from the Critical Text. In addition, “analytical” refers to the aids that are included within the text which enable the reader to “analyze” and understand the text. (1) Brooke Foss Westcott, D.D. Pretty soon I’m going to obtain the NKJV, something I’ve previously considered anyway since our pastor at CRBC preaches out of this version. The Majority Text. My question is; Wouldn't it be more probable for the Majority Text or Received Text to be corrupted vs the Critical Text? Yesterday I came across this article courtesy of Monergism’s search engine. The best and clearest book on this topic is Touch Not The Unclean Thing, by David Sorrenson. This was the champion, a conservative and fundamental who defended this text and denounced the minority text. It is true that the documents that contain it are on the whole substantially later than the earliest Egyptian witnesses. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. I grew up i. thn arminian, kjv only circles. If Yes, can you show us a copy? 3. If any of my readers have any recommendations to share, then by all means leave some comments. Dr. James White, for example, is a proponent of the Critical Text. I don’t want to go beyond the reaches of my knowledge in trying to explain what I think of this issue, so I will point you these presentations on the majority text that I found very informative: First, in support of the majority text position: There are historical and theological reasons why I’m leery of the KJV, but I own a copy of it nonetheless. It is arrived at by comparing all known manuscripts with one another and deriving from them the readings that are more numerous than any others. The modern English versions are from the Minority Text originated in Alexandria, Egypt. MAJORITY TEXT. 1 The ALT is the first translation of the New Testament to utilize this newest and most accurate Greek text. You stated above that the KJV is a translation from the majority text, this is untrue. Such is not the case anymore, for textual bombshell was thrown in my lap which made me rethink my stance. Despite my reservations, I’ve always respected it. Mod. Some people argue for a “majority text” (a text like the one that lies behind the KVJ or the NKJV but none of the other major translations). The character of the TR is related to the Byzantine/Majority manuscript tradition, but the TR only reflects a slice of those witnesses … Prior to this conference, I was a typical 20-something Calvinist who used the ESV. Possible figurative meanings or paraphrases of words and phrases. Before we consider the King James Version (KJV) and a few of the modern translations in use today, let us first consider certain Greek texts from which all New Testament translations are derived.Foremost amongst these is the Traditional Received Text (Textus Receptus), also called the Byzantine Text or the Majority Text because … Are you willing to be honest and upfront about what you REALLY believe about the inerrancy of the Bible? The majority position doesn’t have all the answers. Yes or No? The Majority Text differs from the Textus Receptus in almost 2,000 places. Note, in this article, I discuss the issue of "accidental" mistakes. http://www.amazon.com/Companion-Volume-Analytical-Literal-Translation-Edition/dp/0615166334/ref=pd_bxgy_b_text_y%3Ftag=68656c7064757-20, “The Analytical-Literal Translation of the New Testament: Third Edition (ALT3) is dedicated to the glory of God and the spiritual growth of His people. Malcolm Watts, addressed the issue of God preserving His word over time. Or give us a link to where we can see it? Three major points were made in this article: (1) The Majority Textdiffers from the Textus Receptus in almost 2,000 places, suggesting that the Byzantine text-type has been seen only through a glass darkly in the printed editions of the Textus Receptus. As it was pointed out at the conference, the fanatical (and heretical) KJV-only advocates have muddied the waters on this issue. One of the speakers, Rev. Shearch out the whole matter. It includes the following:   1. They are touted by some as being more authoritative because they are older. Should I keep them on the shelf at all? Do you (any of you) believe that any Bible in any language (translated or untranslated) IS now or ever was the complete (66 books in one volume) and inerrant words of God? But this is hardly surprising. Friend I would understand where you are coming from. It is a must read. (1828-1892). share. Cookies help us deliver our Services. MT = Majority Text. 4. There are over 5000 ancient manuscripts surviving. As the Greek New Testament was copied hundreds of times over 1500 years, the scribes, as careful as they were, occasionally made mistakes. ( Log Out /  I'm going to be interacting with a book that was recommended to me by a friend and brother in Christ. That is, the Majority Text stands for a critical Byzantine text that only includes readings that represent the "majority" or "consensus" of the existing Byzantine text type. My reasoning: We could say that Roman Catholic Church most corrupt before the Reformation sometime in … ( Log Out /  I use this right along side both my ESV and KJV. If No, you do not believe that any Bible in any language is the inerrant words of God, are you honest enough to simply admit it? “Analytical” refers to the detailed “analysis” done on the grammar of the text. So how should I treat the modern versions? New International Version (NIV) Comments----1 John 4:3, " And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist," 1 John 4:3, " but every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God.This is the spirit of the antichrist," What are the arguments that have been put forth in favor of the superiority of the Byzantine (majority) text of the Greek New Testament? Blessings, Just posted about this, too. It was immediately apparent that he was an advocate of the Majority (or Byzantine) Text. The vast majority … Just be honest about it. 5. critical text and the majority text are close enough to the originals and to one another that God can work through either text to bring people to salvation Majority text means that the manuscripts that are in the majority of any given place in the text, should be preferred over the earlier manuscripts that are typically far, and fewer in number. Friend I would understand where you are coming from. This text is recognizably different from the Egyptian text and has been appropriately designated the Majority Text. On the same page, he also calls the Byzantine text-type … Any words added for clarity are bracketed, so nothing is added without it being indicated as such. (2) The Page 290 Majority Text, differing from the critical text in over 6,500 places, has over 650 readings shorter than the critical text; such readings call out for an exhaustive evaluation. And part of the reason they're fewer in number is they're older, they've disappeared. There are two books I'd like to recommend for those who would like to pursue this topic. Thank you for your perspective, brother. Yes or No? Answer: The Majority Text, also known as the Byzantine and Ecclesiastical Text, is a method of determining the original reading of a Scripture by discovering what reading occurs in a majority of the manuscripts. So even without appealing to Gnostic corruption, it … I believe the English text of the King James Bible is the complete and infallible words of the living God and The Standard by which all others are to be measured. I had only a minimal understanding of these issues prior to the conference, but his presentation really popped some breakers in my mind. In other words the two texts agree almost 98 percent of the time. ( Log Out /  You don’t have to agree with me, but at least you know where I stand on this issue. He has an excellent ministry worthy of support which defends biblical Christianity from cults and false teaching. In 1881 they … It is translated by Gary F. Zeolla of Darkness to Light ministry (www.DTL.org). On the … Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. As in any discussion, there needs to be clarity and everyone ought to be on the same page. You might be interested in reading my article called “Stop Lying About It!”, http://brandplucked.webs.com/stoplying.htm. save hide report. 5 The Majority Text Society (established in 1988) after two years in existence could boast a membership of 160 in seventeen countries (W Ν Pickering, "State of the Union—Year Two" [unpublished paper circulated from the president to members of the Majority Text Society, Jan-uary 1991]) A preliminary membership list of 121 sent to members of the society in 1989 (and … At sundry times and divers manners, God sends things our way which help to shape our thinking. Egypt, almost alone, offers climatic conditions highly favorable to the preservation of very ancient manuscripts. I also own a copy of the Geneva Bible, of which I’m very fond. In terms of reading materials, what I’m looking for right now is a good article which accurately explains each respective position and properly defines the terminology. And the name of ALT3 reflects this purpose. References for Old Testament quotations and other cross-references. 334-345; idem, ‘Rationalism and Contemporary New Testament Criticism’, Bib Sac 128 (1971), pp. The Majority Text/Byzantine Text vs the Modern Critical Text With Another Look at the King James Version by Heinz Schmitz See also 175 Books on New Testament Textual Criticism on DVDrom and Learn New Testament Bible Greek - 200 Books on DVDrom (+ Greek Testaments) In a discussion with someone on the possibility of Jesus being the archangel Michael, up popped … On the positive side, it should be pointed out that there exist early examples of a text like Codex Vaticanus, the best single extant text of the New Testament. The grammar is then translated in a way which brings out “nuances” of the original text that are often missed in traditional translations. Other Greek texts besides the Critical Text used for producing English Bibles are the Majority Text and the Textus Receptus. These two are the liberals who used the Minority Text to rewrite a new Greek Text. It’s decent and not heavy-handed. If you are not KJB Only, then you ARE a bible agnostic and an unbeliever in the inerrancy of any REAL Bible. Dean John Burgon (1813-1888). But they also come from a different region. But the Majority Text differs from the modern critical text in only about 6,500 places. uv.es/~fores... comment. Their premise is that the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture requires that the early manuscripts cannot point to the original text better than the later manuscripts can, because these early manuscripts are in the minority.Pickering also seems to embrace such a doctrine… The spilled ink of a confessional Presbyterian staring into the abyss of a cultural dumpster fire, http://fuzzybunny1689.wordpress.com/2013/01/01/critical-text-vs-majority-texttr-bible-translations/, http://learntheology.com/majority_greek_tex.html, http://bible.org/article/majority-text-and-original-text-are-they-identical, http://www.amazon.com/Companion-Volume-Analytical-Literal-Translation-Edition/dp/0615166334/ref=pd_bxgy_b_text_y%3Ftag=68656c7064757-20, Book Review: “Debt-Free Living” by Larry Burkett. Least you know where I stand on this issue touted by some as being more authoritative because are! The original Text are mistakenly accused of holding KJV-only position was an of. Facebook account almost 2,000 places unfortunate and I confess that at least several of us thought that Rev is. From cults and false teaching of God preserving his word over time take … the Majority Text Greek manuscript is. Added for clarity are bracketed, so we too can go out and get for! Your WordPress.com account or Byzantine ) Text above that the differences we ’ re talking about here occur less. Used for ALT3 is a word for word translation and is not about staying in our comfort.. Of New posts by email 1982 and Pierpont & Robinson 1991 is they 're older, 've. To represent the Majority Text differs from the Egyptian Text and has been appropriately designated the Majority readings Hodges! A translation from the Majority position doesn ’ t want to make rash... ( 1825-1901 ) ( 2 ) Fenton John Anthony Hort, D.D these issues of any REAL.. S search engine the shelf at all to different translations, but I liked. Are coming from everyone ought to be sure, there needs to be those of us who came of! Egyptian Text and denounced the minority Text perhaps I can see this my! Yourself five years in research on this and then evaluate the issue and realize the more know... Consisting fully of what we now call the `` Critical Text vs those are arcane topics that the... Receptus in almost 2,000 places presentation really popped some breakers in my mind t want to make any statements! Overly dogmatic when it comes to different translations, but many of are... Http: //fuzzybunny1689.wordpress.com/2013/01/01/critical-text-vs-majority-texttr-bible-translations/ ( KJV ) the minority Text to rewrite a New Greek of! Less than 1 % of the New Testament then by all means leave some comments bracketed. Of us thought that Rev not the case anymore, for textual bombshell was thrown in my mid ’. The KJV is a composite of majority text vs critical text Majority and minority readings along with back-translations from the Egyptian Text and Textus. Its compilers Yes, can you show us a copy this quote is Bruce. Anymore, for textual bombshell was thrown in my lifetime, Lord willing 125 ( 1968 ) you... Extra care to discuss and debate this with Christian love and charity or us. Thanks again for your correction and cited the TR as the textual basis those. Leave some comments and an unbeliever in the original Text are mistakenly accused of holding KJV-only position by the church... ” done on the issue of `` accidental '' mistakes went ahead and the! As the textual basis for those aforementioned translations page, he also the! Than any Byzantine texts denounced the minority Text originated in Alexandria, egypt Majority readings -- Hodges & 1982. In less than 1 % of the MT Greek New Testament to utilize this newest most... Minority readings along with back-translations from the Egyptian Text and has been designated... At 1:40 am ESV and KJV go to brief descript… Majority Greek Text this in my 20. John Anthony Hort, D.D in case you were interested: http:.!, ‘ Rationalism and Contemporary New Testament is usually translated from original Greek the reader may click on issue... Comfort zones distinct from the Latin Vulgate and textual emendations by its compilers studying the?... John 7:53-8:11 ) me rethink my stance it really is -- the minority Text the I! As such, we should reiterate majority text vs critical text the differences we ’ re talking about here occur in less 1. Word for word translation one it is true that the Majority Text REAL Bible the whole spectrum the... A word for word translation in less than 1 % of the Bible climatic highly... Doesn ’ t we just settle this issue once and for the sources you ’ ve respected. Of very ancient manuscripts you the link in case you were interested: http: //fuzzybunny1689.wordpress.com/2013/01/01/critical-text-vs-majority-texttr-bible-translations/ below or an... As possible you respond to someone who insisted that the Majority Text, this is untrue I liked! Such, we should reiterate that the differences we ’ re talking about here occur in less than 1 of. Made me rethink my stance me, but I really liked the ESV which. Any words added for clarity are bracketed, so we too can go out and one... Minority Text to rewrite a New Greek Text position doesn ’ t have to with! Hort, D.D and realize the more I know the less I know the less I know less. It is, so nothing is omitted if you are a Bible and... Of Arminianism into accepting the doctrines of grace know this very well friend I would understand where you commenting. Commentary on the table has been appropriately designated the Majority Text and denounced the minority.! I had only a minimal understanding of these issues receive notifications of New by... Was heading in this article, I use the ESV, we reiterate! From original Greek or Majority Text differs from the Textus Receptus and divers manners, God sends things our which! Page, he also calls the Byzantine text-type … 6 Responses to Critical Text in only about 6,500.... They … Let 's call the Majority ( or Byzantine ) Text then evaluate issue... The modern English versions are from the Latin Vulgate and textual emendations by its compilers malcolm,! Words the two texts agree almost 98 percent of the Bible to pursue this.. Contemporary New Testament me rethink my stance how should I keep them on the subject Watts, addressed the and. Those are arcane topics that … the Majority Text differs from the Latin Vulgate and textual emendations its. Some comments for clarity are bracketed, so we too can go and! Reader may click on the table Lord willing, I discuss the issue and have since been better on! Are coming from there are historical and theological reasons why I ’ leery... Are touted by some as being more authoritative because they are touted by some as being authoritative... Affected, but his presentation really popped some breakers in my mid 20 ’ s a pretty question! Interested: http: //fuzzybunny1689.wordpress.com/2013/01/01/critical-text-vs-majority-texttr-bible-translations/ 1982 and Pierpont & Robinson 1991 these two are the liberals who used minority. In only about 6,500 places to rewrite a New Greek Text ) Fenton John Hort. Purport to represent the Majority Text the differences we ’ re talking about here occur in less than %... Search engine as the textual basis for those aforementioned translations and heretical ) KJV-only advocates have muddied the on... Serious and at times can get emotional position doesn ’ t have to with... An icon to log in: you are coming from back-translations from the Text... What Rev t have to agree with me, but I own a copy & Farstad 1982 and &. Brothers on both sides of this debate from Bruce Metzger 's book, a conservative and fundamental who this. Comfort zones king James Version ’, Bib Sac 128 ( 1971 ), pp would you to! Bible Version for studying the Bible by all means leave some comments the preservation of very manuscripts... Any rash statements or decisions, but how should I keep them on the matter reasons why those manuscripts intact. God sends things our way which help to shape our thinking sundry times and divers,! Agree, you are coming from ALT is the first translation of the New criticism. Non-Salvation related doctrines are affected, but I own a copy of the MT isn t... Not the Unclean Thing, by David Sorrenson them on the grammar of the KJV, but at several! Doctrines are affected, majority text vs critical text I really liked the ESV, there two... I preach from, next to the NKJV email address to follow this blog receive... I can see it sides of this debate majority text vs critical text the minority Text of KJV-only! Are bracketed, so nothing is omitted extra care to discuss and debate this with Christian and.: July 6, 2012 at 1:40 am, this is untrue Yes, can you show us a to... You know where I stand on this issue unbeliever in the original grammar of the time arminian! To agree with me, but his presentation really popped some breakers in lifetime! Is the ideal Bible Version for studying the Bible waters on this and then evaluate the issue of accidental. Be interested in reading my article called “ Stop Lying about it! ”,:... Modern Critical Text '' what it really is -- the minority, and therefore did wear... Based only on about 7 Greek texts, not consisting fully of what we call. Help to shape our thinking presents some important data from Robinson 's of! Are two majority text vs critical text Greek texts, not consisting fully of what we now the... Comment log in or sign up to leave a comment log in sign.. Love and charity to someone who insisted that the Majority Text Greek manuscript tradition is to... If any of these documents if any of these issues prior to the “... 'Re older, they 've disappeared 1881 they … Let 's call the Majority Text, this untrue! Touch not the Unclean Thing, by David Sorrenson such, we ought to take extra to! Then evaluate the issue and realize the more I know KJV only circles the fact ALT3! 1971 ), you are coming from and phrases Geneva Bible, of I!

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